AWS EC2 Attached EBS Volume Not Encrypted


AWS Elastic Block Store (EBS) provides persistent block storage volumes for use with Amazon EC2 instances. When data at rest on these volumes is not encrypted, it could be vulnerable to unauthorized access, potentially leading to data exposure or breaches.


1. Encrypt EBS Volume:

It's important to note that AWS doesn't provide direct in-place encryption for already provisioned EBS volumes. Instead, the typical process involves creating a snapshot of the unencrypted volume, copying that snapshot with encryption enabled, and then creating a new volume from that encrypted snapshot.

AWS Management Console:
  • Navigate to the EC2 Dashboard.
  • Under the Elastic Block Store section, choose Volumes.
  • Select the unencrypted volume and create a snapshot of it.
  • Once the snapshot is completed, select the snapshot, then click on Actions > Copy.
  • In the dialog that opens, check the Encryption box and select the default AWS-managed key or choose another key that you've created.
  • Once the encrypted snapshot is available, create a new EBS volume from this snapshot.
  • Detach the unencrypted volume from the EC2 instance and attach the newly created encrypted volume.

To copy an unencrypted snapshot and encrypt it:

aws ec2 copy-snapshot --source-region [SOURCE_REGION] --source-snapshot-id [SNAPSHOT_ID] --encrypted

Then, create a new volume from the encrypted snapshot:

aws ec2 create-volume --availability-zone [AVAILABILITY_ZONE] --snapshot-id [ENCRYPTED_SNAPSHOT_ID] --volume-type [VOLUME_TYPE]

To ensure an EBS volume is encrypted in Terraform:

resource "aws_ebs_volume" "example" {
  availability_zone = "us-west-1a"
  size              = 40
  snapshot_id       = "[SNAPSHOT_ID]"  // If creating from a snapshot
  encrypted         = true

  // ... other configurations ...


To ensure data security, always encrypt sensitive data stored on EBS volumes at rest. Regularly review the encryption status of your EBS volumes and consider creating alerts or automated checks to detect and report unencrypted volumes. This practice will help you maintain compliance with security standards and best practices.