AWS ELBv2 Listener Configurations and Allowed Security Group Ports Discrepancy


The listener configurations for an Elastic Load Balancer (ELBv2) define the protocols and ports on which it listens for incoming traffic. It's essential that the security group attached to the ELB aligns with these configurations, only allowing traffic on the necessary ports. A discrepancy between the listener configurations and the security group rules can lead to unintentional exposure or unnecessary restriction of the ELB.


1. Align Security Group with Listener Configuration:

Ensure the ports defined in the listener configurations for the ELBv2 are reflected in the attached security group's inbound rules.

AWS Management Console:
  • Navigate to the EC2 Dashboard.
  • Under Load Balancing in the left-hand pane, select Load Balancers.
  • Choose your ELBv2 and inspect its Listener tab to see the configured ports.
  • In the left-hand pane, under Security, select Security Groups.
  • Identify and select the security group associated with your ELBv2.
  • On the Inbound rules tab, ensure the rules match the ports from the ELBv2 listener configuration.
# List the listeners for a specific ELBv2
aws elbv2 describe-listeners --load-balancer-arn <Your-ELBv2-ARN>

# List the inbound rules for a specific security group
aws ec2 describe-security-groups --group-ids <Your-Security-Group-ID>
resource "aws_security_group" "elbv2_sg" {
  name        = "my_elbv2_sg"
  description = "Security Group for ELBv2"
  vpc_id      = "<Your-VPC-ID>"

  ingress {
    from_port   = <Listener-Port-1>
    to_port     = <Listener-Port-1>
    protocol    = "<Your-Protocol>"
    cidr_blocks = ["<Your-Allowed-IP-Ranges>"]

  ingress {
    from_port   = <Listener-Port-2>
    to_port     = <Listener-Port-2>
    protocol    = "<Your-Protocol>"
    cidr_blocks = ["<Your-Allowed-IP-Ranges>"]
  # ... additional configurations for other listener ports ...

resource "aws_lb_listener" "front_end" {
  load_balancer_arn = "<Your-ELBv2-ARN>"
  port              = "<Listener-Port-1>"
  protocol          = "<Your-Protocol>"
  # ... other configurations ...

  default_action {
    type             = "forward"
    target_group_arn = "<Your-Target-Group-ARN>"

# ... additional listener resources for other ports ...

2. Regular Audits:

  • Regularly audit and review the listener configurations and security groups of your ELBv2 to identify discrepancies.
  • Consider automating this process with AWS Config or custom Lambda functions to notify discrepancies.

Ensuring that the security group rules of the ELBv2 align with its listener configurations is essential for maintaining a secure and functional AWS environment. Regularly auditing configurations can help avoid potential security issues or operational challenges.