Ensure Every IAM User is Assigned to at Least One IAM Group


IAM (Identity and Access Management) in AWS provides a secure way to control and manage access for entities that interact with AWS resources. While IAM users can be given permissions directly via attached policies, it is a best practice to manage permissions using IAM groups. By assigning users to groups, you can grant a set of permissions to all the group's members, simplifying permission management and making audits more efficient. Ensuring that every user is part of at least one group ensures a more organized and maintainable permission model.


1. Identify IAM Users Not in Any Group:

AWS Management Console:
  • Navigate to the IAM Console.
  • In the navigation pane, choose Users.
  • Click on each user and inspect the "Group memberships" section. Make a note of users that aren't part of any group.

2. Create or Identify Suitable IAM Groups:

For each user not assigned to a group:

  • Determine the appropriate permissions required for the user's job function or role.
  • Check if there's an existing IAM group that aligns with these permissions.
  • If no suitable group exists, create a new IAM group with the appropriate permissions.
AWS Management Console:
  • In the IAM Console, choose Groups then Create New Group.
  • Name the group and attach the appropriate permission policies.

3. Assign Users to Groups:

For each user identified in step 1:

  • Add the user to an appropriate IAM group.
AWS Management Console:
  • In the IAM Console, select the desired group.
  • Choose Add Users to Group.
  • Select the users to add and confirm.

4. Regular Monitoring:

  • Continuously monitor IAM users and groups to ensure compliance.
  • Whenever a new IAM user is created, ensure they are immediately added to an appropriate IAM group.


Managing IAM permissions via groups, rather than directly on individual users, provides a more organized and scalable way to handle access controls. Regularly review the IAM console to ensure that all users are associated with at least one group and that the permissions granted to each group align with its purpose. Implementing such practices not only streamlines administrative tasks but also enhances the security and maintainability of your AWS environment.